Most shotgun sports fall into three disciplines: Skeet, Trap,
and Sporting Clays. The following sections describe
the most prominent games in each discipline as well as the official governing
bodies for each. The Other Sports section at the
end of the page contains brief descriptions of some of the less common shotgun
sports. Refer to the Tech Talk page for useful
information on shooting in general as well as gun, choke, and shot size selections
for the various sports.
Skeet - National Skeet Shooting Association (NSSA)
Skeet - Clay Pigeon Shooting Association (CPSA)
A round of skeet consists of
25 targets in a set sequence of singles and simultaneous doubles. Squads
of five shooters take their turns from eight shooting stations. Each squad
member takes two singles and one double from stations 1, 2, 6, and 7. Two
singles are taken from stations 3, 4, 5, and 8. The 25th target is taken
after the first target is missed or as a final target (low house #8) after
24 kills. Targets are thrown a distance of 60 yards. Variations in the
angles of the targets presented from the "high" and "low" house
result from the shooter moving from station to station. American Skeet
is the only discipline that has regular, specific tournament events for
sub-bore shotguns: 20, 28, and .410.
Shooters, in squads of five,
start on station 1, shooting one pair of doubles each to station 7. Then
they reverse, shooting one pair each from stations 7 through 1. On station
4, shooters must shoot the high house target first. On reversing, (shooting
7 through 1), they must shoot the low house target first. In tournaments,
the events are on a total of 50 (or 100) targets with the last pair shot
on station 1. Scoring is one point per hit target.
Skeet - USA
Shooting / International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF)
A seven station version of American
Skeet, substituting the singles thrown on station 8 with a double
on station 4.
An eight station format like
that of American Skeet with faster targets
thrown at 72 meters. The shooter is required to hold the butt of the gun
at hip level until the target is seen, which may be delayed for up to 3.5
seconds after the "pull" request. Single and double target sequences
are slightly different from American Skeet with
a high single and on pair of doubles from stations 1 and 2; high and low
singles and one pair of doubles from stations 3, 4, and 5 (on station 4,
the high bird must be attempted first in doubles); a single low and a double
from station 6; one pair of doubles from station 7; a single high and a
single low from station 8. A round is 25 targets (no option shot). Like Olympic
Trap, shot charge is restricted to 24 grams (approximately 7/8 oz.),
with any safe powder charge. For tournaments, all shells must be of the
same type and load.
American Trap -
Amateur Trapshooting Association (ATA)
Trap / Olympic Bunker / Olympic Trench
The most basic of all the trap
disciplines. Standard targets are thrown as singles. The horizontal direction
is randomized with a maximum angle of 22 degrees measured from a line from
the trap to the middle station. The height at which the targets are thrown
is constant. The distance is constant at 50 yards. A squad of five shoot
in rotation from five stations arrayed in an arc located 16 yards behind
the traphouse; 5 targets are thrown at each station, after which the shooters
move to the next station on their right. A round is 25 targets with one
shot allowed at each target. An English variation is called Down-The-Line,
a two-barrel discipline that allows two shots at a single target with scoring
penalty for a second-barrel hit.
The same as American
Trap, except the shooter stands further back than 16 yards - but no
longer than 27 yards. The ATA reviews handicap yardage for shooters every
1,000 targets as part of their handicap system.
As the name implies, two targets
are launched simultaneously from one machine. Squads of five shooters rotate
the five positions on the 16 yard line. Shooting events consist of 25 or
50 pairs. Like American Trap and Handicap
Trap, scoring is one point per target hit.
An international discipline
that incorporates fifteen machines. Targets have a minimum height of 1.5
meters and a maximum height of 3.5 meters as measured 10 meters in front
of the bunker. Targets are thrown up to 110 MPH depending on the target
height to get the 70 to 75 meter variable distance required. The maximum
target angle is 45 degrees. There are nine set programs for the fifteen
traps that are used in all countries of the world. A squad of six shooters
take turns shooting from the five stations.
Shooters move to the next station
after each target in a shoot-and-move rotation. The shooting stations are
located in a straight line. On the call "pull" (phono-pull release
system is utilized to insure equitable target releases), a clay is thrown
from one of three fixed traps directly in front of each of five shooters.
Two shots may be used for each target with no penalty in scoring. Each
shooter gets two lefts, two rights, and one straightaway target from each
station. Shot charge is restricted to 24 grams (approximately 7/8 oz.)
using any safe powder charge (plated shot is allowed). Also, the Olympic
target is made harder, to handle the higher target speed and is slightly
smaller than the standard American Trap target.
English or American Sporting -
National Sporting Clays Association (NSCA)
Sporting / International Sporting - Federation Internationale
de Tir Aux Armes Sportives de Chasse (FITASC)
Sporting Clays like trap and
skeet uses traps and clay targets to duplicate, as far as possible, conditions
and presentations you would normally find while hunting. A typical sporting
course is laid out over a 10, 20, or 30 acre site, ideally in rough, hilly
terrain. The path that shooters follow usually takes a circular or horseshoe
shape enabling shooters to start and finish in roughly the same place.
Targets are thrown from 10 to 14 shooting stations along the path. Courses
can be laid out with either automatic or manual traps, usually set out-of-sight.
Six different types of targets can be used: standard, midi, mini, battue,
rocket, or rabbit. Target sequence may incorporate singles, report pairs,
following pairs, and true (simultaneous) pairs. A round usually consists
of 50 or 100 targets. The shooter's gun must be visible below the armpit
and may not be mounted until the target is visible.
Sporting - National Sporting Clays Association
The most challenging form of
sporting shooting, it is the French version of practice for field shooting.
Unlike the free and easy format of English or American
Sporting, FITASC Sporting is shot in squads of up to six with a fixed
order of stands (parcours, in French) that are shot in strict
rotation. A competition normally consists of 200 targets shot over three
days in eight rounds of 25. In each round of 25, shots are taken from at
least three different stands. The shooter is required to hold the but of
the gun below armpit level until the target is seen. Great variety and
lack of repetition is accomplished by use of a number of traps. Single
targets are first shot by the entire squad. After the entire squad has
completed the singles, combinations of the singles are presented as doubles.
Here, as in English Sporting, all six types
of clays are used. Generally speaking, targets tend to be at longer ranges
with the added challenge of continual variation of speeds, angles, distances,
and target combinations.
on a trap or skeet field, this game uses 6 to 8 automatic traps. There
are 3 levels of difficulty: Level I, 5 single targets with full use of
the gun for scoring; Level II, 3 single and a simultaneous pair; Level
III 1 single and 2 simultaneous pairs. Shooters (squad of five) can move
from station to station with a predetermined menu of shots and combinations,
or in a sequence unknown to the shooters. 5-STAND SPORTING® is
a registered trademark of Clay-Sport International, Inc., Alberta, Canada.
In the U.S., 5-STAND® is licensed by the NSCA.
This is a simulation of Olympic
Trap that is shot on an ordinary ATA trap field. A special trap that
oscillates both left and right and up and down is used. These traps will
throw a target to distances in excess of 70 meters (over 75 yards). As
in Olympic Trap, a six-man squad shoots one
target per station and moves to the next station. The sixth shooter is
moving from station 5 back to 1 while the other 5 competitors shoot.
Flurry is the fastest paced
game of the clay sports. 50 to 75 targets are thrown from 4 machines in
a 1 minute time frame, while 2 or 3 shooters attempt to engage as many
of the targets as they can. Targets are randomized by a computer, ensuring
that you never know which one you'll shoot next.
/ Helice / Electrocibles
A worldwide trap discipline,
the target is a 2 or 3 bladed plastic propeller with a detachable (breakable)
center. One of five traps in front of the shooter releases the target on
call; two shots are allowed at each target. To score a "kill",
the shooter must knock the center out of the target so that it lands within
the confines of a circular fence.
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